Uveitis is broad term that encompasses multiple disorders that involve inflammation of the eye. These conditions may be either infectious uveitis which stems from an ocular or systemic infection or noninfectious.
Anterior uveitis is a form of intraocular inflammation limited to the anterior segment. Other synonymous terms may include iritis and iridocyclitis. Common symptoms include redness, pain, and light sensitivity (photophobia). Many subtypes of anterior uveitis exist and depending on the specific subtype, may be managed with drops. Sometimes if severe this condition may require a medical work-up and systemic treatment.
Intermediate uveitis is an inflammation of the vitreous body and sometimes the anterior retina. This condition is most commonly associated with floaters. Local treatments such as eye drops and injections of medication may be helpful. In certain cases, systemic medications and work-up may be required.
Posterior uveitis is inflammation of the posterior structures of they eye such as the retina and choroid. Symptoms of this condition may include pain and decreased vision. These conditions may include viral infections of the retina and idiopathic inflammatory conditions. These conditions frequently require a medical work-up and may need local and systemic treatments.
Pan uveitis is an inflammation of all structures in the eye. Symptoms may include pain, redness, photophobia, or decreased vision. In many instances, these may require a medical work-up. These cases may require local or systemic therapy.
Central Florida Retina offers advanced retinal imaging such as optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green (ICG) angiography may be useful in categorizing and following these specific ocular inflammatory conditions.